This document details contributions to the LiteFarm application project. LiteFarm is a multifunctional web app that aims to help farmers make day-to-day decisions, and encourage them to farm more sustainably. The feature set in LiteFarm was created based on a farmer participatory design process, including iterative user experience and user interface testing. 

Update May, 2020
Craig's foundational work in 2018 helped the UBC Farm build and refine the LiteFarm application. LiteFarm is now the world’s first community-led, not-for-profit, digital platform joining farmers and scientists together for participatory assessment of social, environmental and economic outputs of farming systems. 

You can see the tool at www.litefarm.org and read updated documentation on Github.

Partner: UBC Farm
Keywords: ecological systems, food systems, sustainable development & green economy

PDF
2018
Craig Yu

This report looks to shed light on the problems that are preventing improvement in our energy modeling capabilities, and the actions that should be taken to overcome them. Energy models are used to evaluate the energy performance of a building, but there is an issue known as the “performance gap,” which means that the energy usage that the model predicts can vary significantly from the final performance of the building. The steps and methods needed to reduce these performance gaps are covered in this report.

Partner: UBC Sustainability & Engineering
Keywords: green buildings

PDF
2018
Denon Sheppard

This report summarizes the activities undertaken by the International Sustainable Campus Network (ISCN) Charter working group in the development of the ISCN Sustainable Campus Charter. It is designed to serve as a knowledge translation tool; the purpose is to create a document that will prove useful for other organizations who endeavour to lead a charter development process.

Partner: USI
Keywords: leadership & behaviour change, social sustainability, sustainability in education

PDF
2018
Shannon Lambie

The District of West Vancouver has recently adopted a set of mandatory requirements for new construction to comply with the BC Energy Step Code. Aligned with this and other local policies, the District is studying the possibility of implementing a community-wide energy budget to limit the energy demand of single-family homes. This report includes a summary of existing housing stock, provincial policies, and green building rating systems to consider in the implementation of an energy budget. The report also includes an analysis of the interaction of these three components and how they can affect future construction.

Partner: District of West Vancouver
Keywords: green buildings

PDF
2018
Oscar Valdes

Since 2011, the City of North Vancouver has had energy targets and guidelines in place to ensure that all new developments in the city meet progressive energy targets. This Sustainability Scholars project sought to analyse the trove of data created through the Energy Efficient Buildings Initiative to identify the tradeoffs being identified by builders in the area who are looking to meet and exceed the energy targets. The analysis of the building data will provide an opportunity for local builders to meet and exceed the future energy standards that are required through the BC Step Code.

Partner: City of North Vancouver
Keywords: green buildings, leadership & behaviour change

PDF
2018
Colin Jeffery

The BC Energy Step Code is a series of amendments to the Building Act and the Local Government Act that have been adopted by the Province of British Columbia. This research was conducted for the City of Abbotsford to investigate how local municipalities are implementing or referencing the BC Energy Step Code, and to see how the City might move forward with implementation.

Partner: City of Abbotsford
Keywords: green buildings, leadership & behaviour change

PDF
2018
Pera Hardy

Currently, there are more than 500 public electric vehicle (EV) charging stations located throughout MEtro Vancouver. The use of these charging stations is increasing, but it is not yet clear the degree to which they are relied upon compared to residential charging. This project was developed to better understand the impact that public charging infrastructure has on EV adoption, trip behaviour and lifestyles in Metro Vancouver.

Partner: Fraser Basin Council
Keywords: transportation

PDF
2018
Diana Aguilar and Yehan Chen

Manufacturing businesses have traditionally operated in a linear fashion. Raw materials go in; products and waste go out. In recent years, there has been a global movement to change how we see ‘waste’. By finding value in all business outputs, materials circulate back through the economy, creating the circular economy. This project describes a pilot test of the National Industrial Symbiosis Program (NISP®) to create a circular economy in New Westminster.

Partner: City of New West
Keywords: sustainable development & green economy

PDF
2018
Hannah MacDonald

The aim of this project is to help inform City staff on preferred planning policy and regulatory options specific to what is sometimes referred to in BC’s Lower Mainland as ‘missing middle’ housing. That is, policies relevant to ground-oriented wood-frame multi-residential buildings such as townhomes, row homes, duplexes, triplexes and quadraplexes, as well as multi-residential housing forms such as stacked townhomes and 4- to 6-storey mid-rise apartment buildings. 

Partner: City of New West
Keywords: green buildings

PDF
2018
Nidah Dara

The purpose of this study is to conduct quantitative analyses to determine the energy conservation measures (ECMs) that tend to drive the most cost-effective approaches to minimizing GHG emissions from new buildings. This study will enable the City of Surrey to provide builders and other stakeholders a clear picture of what they should focus on (that is, which ECM options to prioritize) in order to achieve greater GHG emissions reductions.

Partner: City of Surrey
Keywords: green buildings

PDF
2018
Harnavpreet Channi

The City of Surrey aims to achieve 80 percent reduction in GHG emissions per capita by 2050 (below 2007 levels). Currently, several leading cities across the world are implementing innovative and effective policies and programs. This study aims to further develop a “policy ecosystem framework” that the City of Surrey can use to systematically reduce GHG emissions from the existing building stock by summarizing the multi-pronged strategies these leading cities are taking through the market transformation lens.

Partner: City of Surrey
Keywords: green buildings, sustainable development & green economy

PDF
2018
Jiaxin Li

The City of Surrey aims to achieve 80 percent reduction in GHG emissions per capita by 2050 (below 2007 levels). Currently, several leading cities across the world are implementing innovative and effective policies and programs. This study aims to further develop a “policy ecosystem framework” that the City of Surrey can use to systematically reduce GHG emissions from the existing building stock by summarizing the multi-pronged strategies these leading cities are taking through the market transformation lens.

Partner: City of Surrey
Keywords: green buildings, sustainable development & green economy

PDF
2018
Jiaxin Li

The Township of Langley plans to develop a corporate building energy policy for new and major renovations for city-owned and operated buildings. The intent of this project is to mainly focus on creating a corporate building policy that is centered on BC Energy Step Code adoption for Part 3 buildings. Research was conducted to identify the corporate building policies of other local governments in British Columbia, and understand which type of facilities these policies apply to, what are the capital cost related implications of adopting these policies, and what are their associated benefits.

Partner: Township of Langley
Keywords: green buildings

PDF
2018
Ghazal Ebrahimi

Over the past years, the Engineering Department of the Township of Langley has expended considerable effort to evaluate the latest advancements in LED street lighting technology. Recent studies have determined that the latest LED street lighting fixtures outperform existing HPS lighting fixtures and can be directly retrofitted on existing freestanding steel poles, without pole modifications. This report draws on an analysis of the Township’s current street lighting inventory to develop an LED conversion plan that maximizes both performance and value.

Partner: Township of Langley
Keywords: green buildings

PDF
2018
Tomy Dibanda

To achieve the Upper Steps of the BC Energy Step Code, builders will need to adopt techniques and incorporate substantial changes in building design, layout, framing techniques, airtightness, system selection, and materials. The objective of this research project was to identify and formulate market segmentation approaches that would support more strategic outreach, education and training opportunities for different builder segments on high performance new construction, including sessions related to the BC Energy Step Code.

Partner: BC Hydro
Keywords: green buildings

PDF
2018
Marysol Escamilla

This paper reviews the current science on preponderance of legionella risk with direct load operations in demand response management. The findings reveal that demand response events in a thermally-stratified or stagnated electric hot water system can provide conditions for greater culturability of legionella and colonization of the water storage tank. These may be associated with two forms of legionellosis.

Partner: BC Hydro
Keywords: green buildings, water

PDF
2018
Christiana Onabola

Despite recent progress made toward greater self-sufficiency, healthy community design, and economic development, Indigenous communities in Canada experience ongoing challenges including high energy costs and inadequate housing. This research is intended to 1) identify current practices in Indigenous community energy planning and implementation and determine where additional support for such efforts is needed, and 2) provide recommendations on how BC Hydro can assist Indigenous communities in advancing conservation and energy management. 

Partner: BC Hydro
Keywords: green buildings, social sustainability

PDF
2018
Halina Rachelson

This project will be used as a case study to evaluate the impact that heat pumps have had on Skidegate households and the southern Haida Gwaii electric grid. This is done in two respects within this report. First, changes in residential electricity consumption from before and after the heat pump installations are evaluated. Second, potential impacts to grid power quality are evaluated due to the high penetration of the heat pump motors. 

Partner: BC Hydro
Keywords: green buildings

PDF
2018
Sean Smillie

In an effort to promote energy efficiency in the real estate sector, the Vancouver Island Real Estate Board initiated the Real Estate Energy Efficiency Program (REEP) in 2014. The program is designed to teach energy literacy to REALTORS® so they can incorporate energy efficiency seamlessly into the sales process. Approximately 80 home energy assessments were completed in select Vancouver Island communities as part of this program. This project looked into these energy assessments to understand better whether rebates and incentives provide additional benefit to the homeowners.

Partner: Vancouver Island Real Estate Board Nanaimo
Keywords: green buildings, sustainable development & green economy

PDF
2018
Grace Alindogan

Textiles are one of the largest growing waste streams in the world and are expected to continue to grow due to more frequent consumption and greater demand from “fast fashion”. The objectives of this report are to provide research knowledge regarding mechanical and chemical textile recycling technologies commercially available and under development for prevalent fibres used in industry (polyester, nylon, cotton, wool), and potential impacts of dyes and finishing chemicals on recycling processes.

Partner: Metro Van
Keywords: waste management & recycling

PDF
2018
Katherine Le

Pages